Basics of Website Hosting

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Basics of Website Hosting


In this part, reserved for beginners, we explain the basic notions of web hosting.

1. What is hosting on the Internet?

You have a website, which you have created yourself or which you have delegated to a service provider.

In both cases, to make your website visible on the Internet, you must “host” your site, in other words, put your web pages on a remote computer called a server.

This computer will be permanently accessible throughout the world and will deliver the pages of your website to Internet users who request it.

1.1 What is a web server?

A server is a computer used to host Internet sites.

Accessible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, the server delivers worldwide the web pages that appear on your screen when you visit a website.

Unlike your personal computer, the server will run continuously, and be protected from power outages.

Servers are machines made with individual components that are more robust than personal computers sold in traditional stores.

Servers are designed to withstand intensive operating conditions.

It is not recommended to use a standard desktop or laptop computer as a server, except to test your website.

1.2 How do I transfer my website to a server?

Most often, web pages are transferred using so-called “Ftp client” software.

Easy to use, the Ftp client software allows you to connect from home to the server, and to send to the server your web pages initially present on your personal computer.

Once transferred to the server, your pages will be visible to Internet users around the world, when they type in their browser the address of your website or when they click on a link that leads to one of the pages of your site.

2. What is an Internet host?

A hosting provider is a company that offers web hosting services.

There are free hosts, mostly Internet Service Providers (ISPs) who offer their subscriber’s limited free space to host their pages.

There are also, for professionals or demanding individuals paid hosting providers, who deliver a superior quality of service to free hosting providers.

This quality often translates into faster page loading, the absence of advertising or the possibility of having your domain name, as well as other advantages detailed on this site. Payment is usually made online by subscription.

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